After years of study and contemplation, I have come to the realization that the US Constitution is not now, nor has it ever been a true friend to liberty. So long as “conservatives” and “patriots” continue to worship the US Constitution there will be no restoration of true liberty to any of the American States.
The founding document of the American Republic was NOT the Constitution, but rather the Articles of Confederation that were written in 1777-1778 and ratified by the States in 1781, while the colonies were still at war with Great Britain.
In a recent article on World Net Daily, William J. Watkins Jr. noted that:
Under the Articles, each state retained “its sovereignty, freedom, and independence, and every power, jurisdiction, and right [not] expressly delegated to the United States, in Congress assembled.” After the experience with British meddling in colonial affairs, the people preferred to be governed by their own local and state leaders rather than a distant centralized body.
. . . The Articles restricted congressional power with term limits. Under Article V, “no person shall be capable of being a delegate for more than three years in any term of six years.” The Articles thus prevented the establishment of an American ruling aristocracy.
. . . Before the Confederation Congress could borrow money, a supermajority of delegates had to approve . . . [which] was meant to protect the fiscal soundness of the government and to prevent the rulers from incurring unnecessary debt.
. . .The Articles established a “firm league of friendship” among sovereign and independent states . . . states were not mere administrative subdivisions of the national government depending on Washington, D.C., to send money – with strings attached – to fund state budgets. Control did not rest at the center, but at the peripheries.
. . . Individual liberty and state sovereignty were placed beyond the reach of the national government.
The New World Encyclopedia article on the “Articles of Confederation” notes:
As a tool to build a centralized war-making government, they were largely a failure. . . . The delegates could not draft soldiers and had to send requests for regular troops and militia to the states.
Note that they say that as though it were a bad thing! And yet a war against the strongest military power in existence was won under such circumstances. The article continues:
Since guerrilla warfare was an effective strategy in a war against the British Empire, a centralized government proved unnecessary for winning independence.
There was a requirement for unanimous approval before any modifications could be made to the Articles. Because the majority of lawmaking rested with the states, the central government was also kept limited.
Congress was denied the power of taxation: it could only request money from the states. The states did not generally comply with the requests in full . . . Congress was also denied the power to regulate commerce, and as a result, the states maintained control over their own trade policy as well.
Once the war was won, the Continental Army was largely disbanded. A very small national force was maintained to man frontier forts and protect against Indian attacks. Meanwhile, each of the states had an army (or militia), and 11 of them had navies.
In retrospect, almost 100 years later, Lysander Spooner would note:
But whether the Constitution really be one thing, or another, this much is certain - that it has either authorized such a government as we have had, or has been powerless to prevent it. In either case it is unfit to exist.
Today we bemoan “executive overreach”, “executive orders”, “violations of the Bill of Rights”, etc., as though they were something new. However, such abuses began almost immediately upon the adoption of the Constitution and the resulting establishment of a strong central government.
Consider just a couple of incidents from the tenure of the first two American presidents:
- 1787 - The Constitution was adopted.
- 1789 - George Washington was sworn in as the First President.
- 1791 - The first tax was imposed on a domestic produce (distilled liquors).
- 1791 - Farmers in Pennsylvania, whose livelihood depended upon the distillation of their corn into whiskey, reacted much as the colonists had to such taxes imposed from a distant central government and refused payment.
- 1794 - President Washington raised an army and led it against the tax protesters.
- 1797 - John Adams was sworn in as the Second President
- 1798 -
Adams signed the Alien and Sedition Acts into law. They had been passed in
response to supposed foreign threats (does that sound familiar to anyone?)
- the Acts essentially prohibited any opposition to the Federal government
- they severely curtailed freedom of the press (over 20 newspaper editors were arrested)
- they provided for the arrest of recalcitrant lawmakers (a lawmaker from Vermont was actually sent to prison)
- two states actually nullified the Federal laws and it seemed possible that the new Federal union and the Constitution might soon be torn asunder (I don’t believe that it would have been a bad thing.)
We don’t need to return to the Constitution. We need to rid ourselves of it. We need not a better strong central government, we need none at all.